The Negev Desert and Bedouin towns
There are approximately 200.000 Bedouins living in Israel. They are Israeli citizens. Most of them live in the Negev Desert in Southern Israel.
In past times, Bedouins have wandered with their herds all over the Middle East. A few decades ago, the Bedouins were relocated in villages throughout the Negev Desert. About half in government build towns and cities. The other half in unrecognized villages. The villages are not formally recognized by the state. They have no access to services such as water, electricity, sewage systems and roads. The unrecognized villages have the highest unemployment and poverty rates in Israel.